History of the Cebuano Journalism

Below is the description of the prezi slides above which i presented in a timeline format. This is part of my lessons in Cebuano Journalism at the University of San Jose Recoletos tracing the roots of the use of the Cebuano language in the news community of the province of Cebu.

1901

The late Senator Vicente Sotto is considered the “Father of Cebuano Journalism”  for publishing “Ang Suga“–the first community newspaper in Cebuano language which saw print for the first time on June 16, 1901 in Cebu.

However, Don Vicente Sotto admitted 30 years later that it was not easy to write in the mother tongue considering the influence of the spanish language among the locales, especially the writers.

Notably, the spelling that were found in the “Ang Suga” had a spanish influence like: guinicanan, camo, canako, quini (kini), cana, guiadto, guihimo or guijimo, and the use of the U or O depends only on who was writing. (Mga Batakan sa Panitik sa Binisaya-Sinugbuanon, Edgar Godin, 2007)

1902

Ang Suga” was succeeded by several publications also in Cebuano like the “Ang Kaluwasan” and “Ang Camatuoran” by Vicente’s brother–Filemon in 1902. Other reading materials in Cebuano that followed the “Ang Suga” were: Tingog sa Lungsod (1904), Ang Bandila (1906), Kauswagan (1907), Babaye, Alimyon, Bag-ong Kusog, Bag-ong Balod, and others.

During the occupancy of the Americans in the Philippines, the English language was introduced as the official medium of the government and in most businesses. Thus, the choice of English as the medium for most of the newspapers and broadcast news was more logical.

WWW II

When the Japanese occupied the Philippines during the World War II, most publications had ceased operation. However, the “Kadaugan” continue to exist and fought against the Japanese regime.

POST-WAR

When most of the publications resumed after the war, the English language still dominated in the news–in both print and broadcast. The non-existence of Cebuano news was aggravated by the adoption of the tagalog-based “Pilipino” as the national language of the Philippines in 1959.

However, before the World War II erupted a local station of the Manila Broadcasting Company now named DyRC was already established in Cebu which had been broadcasting in the Cebuano language including its newscast.

TV NEWS

In my younger years, i had witnessed that the news programs on television were mostly in English including the local “News at 7” over GMA-7 Cebu in the 80s. Archt. Melva Java was the main news anchor of GMA-7 and had been co-anchored by the late Bobby Amor.

News at 7” faced its biggest threat and rival that caused its signing off in the later part of the 80s when ABS-CBN Ch. 3’s TV Patrol Cebu came on-the-air on August 28, 1988.

TV Patrol Cebu changed the landscape of the local news on television. Aside from using the Cebuano language as its medium, it covered happenings at night time with its “Pulis Report” segment. The use of the Cebuano language proved very effective among the masses as the newscast overtook the viewership ratings of GMA-7’s News at 7 in just three months. In about a year, GMA-7 Cebu was forced to sign off its newscast and replaced it with “Balitang Bisdak” anchored by Bobby Nalzaro, formerly with Bombo Radyo Cebu. Balitang Bisdak followed TV Patrol Cebu in using the Cebuano language as its medium.

It was not TV Patrol Cebu that started the newscast on television in Cebuano. A year before it, the first TV newscast in Cebuano went on air. It was the Newswatch Cebuano Edition of RPN Ch. 9 that first introduced Cebuano in the news on TV. It was anchored by the veteran radio announcer–Gammy Malazarte. I was part of the reportorial staff of the program being a radio reporter of DyKC–the AM radio station of RPN in Cebu. Other reporters include Rey Martinez, Bob Malazarte and Fides Palicte who is now the station manager of RPN Cebu.

RPN Cebu’s News Director Job Tabada (deceased) thought of the idea of having a news program on television using the Cebuano language to let the masses understand more of the content of the news. Hence, i considered the late Job Tabada as the “Father of Cebuano TV Newscast“.

However, Newswatch Cebuano Edition did not stay long because of the lack of support from the management of RPN-9. When TV Patrol Cebu went on-air a year later, i was hired by ABS-CBN Cebu together with former colleague in RPN–Bob Malazarte to compose the 4-man editorial team of the news department. The other reporter was Titus Borromeo and now Atty. Bingo Gonzales was our News Manager. ABS-CBN did not hire the services of known media personalities but chose to have virtually unknown newscasters in the person of Robinson Yap, Atty. Vicky Hermosisima, and Nanette Tapayan as TV Patrol Cebu’s news anchors.

The next years saw the rest of the TV News programs in Cebu already in Cebuano including the latest to be established–“Aksyon Bisaya” of TV-5. 🙂

UPDATE!

On January 28, 2013- the first and only national newscast in Cebuano was launched in Manila. It’s the SOLAR NEWS CEBUANO of the Solar News Channel operated by the Solar Television Network, Inc.

The former Miss Cebu–Menchu Antigua-Macapagal anchors the program televised daily at 12:30nn – 1pm. The production staff is headed by this blogger as its Producer with a couple of Visayan staff.  Catch the daily newscast of the Solar News Cebuano here.

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What is the Best ISP(Internet Service Provider) for you?

(Update!!! This article has been updated/re-blogged at iStoryang HaaayTek!)

Not all tech-gadgets are APPROPRIATE for you. Some need a laptop than a tablet because they write more on documents while others are more mobile and only need to surf the net. On the same note, not all internet services are equally appropriate for you. Here are the ISPs (Internet Service Providers) for both wired and wireless services that you can choose:

PLDT DSL

DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line which is the most popular form of broadband internet access. A broadband internet is supposedly “high-speed” and allows much higher rates of data transfer than a dial-up connection. At a supposed minimum speed of 256kbps (4x than a dial-up speed), DSL also allows subscribers to use their phone for both voice calls and internet connection depending on a plan subscription.

PLDT DSL offers bundle packages (a land line phone and internet access) and data (internet access) only services.

Plan 990 is the basic offer of PLDT comprising a bundle of a land line phone, internet access with up to 384kbps speed, and WatchPad subscription.

WatchPad is a video channel service of PLDT provided free to all of its DSL subscribers. The video channels on WatchPad include History Channel, National Geographic, CNN, FHM, etc.

Plan 990 means the monthly subscription fee is P990; Plan 1299 is P1,299/mo. rate; and so on. Plan 990 and Plan 1299 are bundle plans while Xperience 999, Xcite 1995, and Xcel 3000 is data only subscription.

Plan 990, based on my personal experience, has an average speed of 200kbps+ download and no more than the measly 100kbps+  upload speed. It’s below the Minimum Service Reliability @ 80% mandated by the National Telecommunications Commission. Plan 990 is best for surfing but still you can download and upload files from and to the net with minimal speed.

In my case, i can upload the recordings of my radio programs (45mins – 1hr) to my podcast in less than an hour. WatchPad experience is also quite moderate but you can’t avail of the High Quality video at Plan 990. I had experienced minimal number of service interruptions with Plan 990 since 2009. The longest interruption period was when i was confined in the hospital. However, i’d received a rebate from PLDT after i sought refund for the days we were not connected.

Plan 1299, has been my new subscription plan for 2 days now. My average speed is 400kbps+ to 700kbps+ download and 200kbps+ upload. I have yet to test uploading the recordings of my radio programs this weekend. However, my YouTube experience is quite satisfactory and playback is possible without the need to wait for buffering to finish when the speed is @ 700kbps+. With this plan, i can now enjoy HQ video on WatchPad.

For data only plans–Xperience 999, Xcite 1995, and Xcel 3000, i have no experience on it.

GLOBELINES BROADBAND

Globe renamed its broadband service into TATTOO DSL optimizing its brand name as a spin off of its 3G modem service.Like PLDT, Globe has also an Internet only and Internet and Landline plans ranging from P995 – P2,295 (see chart below).

Globe Tattoo DSL is cheaper than PLDT when it comes to its first two bundle offerings @ P995 for a 512kbps speed and P1,295 for a 1Mbps speed. Also, it’s cheaper on the 3Mbps data service @ only P1,995 while its Plan 1995 is already bundled with a landline.

I had an experience with Globelines broadband at my mother’s house with Plan 1295. The last time i tested its speed was about 750kbps+ download and 250kbps+ upload. The YouTube experience is much better requiring no wait for buffering before you could play the video. Surfing and page navigation are also much better than PLDT’s Plan 1299

However, Globe subscribers have been experiencing major interruptions for the past months. As of this posting, my mother’s house landline and internet connection has been dead for several weeks now.

SKYbroadband

SkyCable’s broadband service is the latest in landline internet service and is so far considered the best internet connection ever at faster speed with affordable rates. Though, not all areas are covered by the service. Check here for it service areas.

Unlike the residential DSL/Broadband, SKYbroadband is using the cables of SKYCable that used to deliver TV channels to our television sets at home. Thus, its internet speed is maintained no matter how far our homes are due to the amplification of the cable signal by the distribution amplifiers strategically installed at SkyCable’s service areas. The Telco’s DSL speed is diminishing according to the distance of the subscriber from the ISP’s control center.

The rates are also cheaper compared to the regular DSL. If you’re an existing SKYcable subscriber you’ll have an extra 500kbps of speed.

4G WiMax INTERNET SERVICE

WiMax internet service is ideal on places where there is no available fixed lines. WiMax stands for Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access. [Wikipedia: It is a part of a “fourth generation,” or 4G, of wireless-communication technology, WiMax far surpasses the 30-metre (100-foot) wireless range of a conventional Wi-Fi local area network (LAN), offering a metropolitan area network with a signal radius of about 50 km (30 miles).]

Globe’s Tattoo WiMax service is capable of providing both internet and landline service at the same time. However, just like other wireless internet services the connection is not reliable and not always dependable.

SMART Home Wireless or Wimax Plan 999 has a speed of up to 2 Mbps.

Both the SMART Home Wireless and WiMax are fixed wireless. Meaning, the device/unit responsible for the network connection is stationary. It’s like the earlier model of SmartBRO–Canopy that has an outdoor antenna to be placed on the rooftoop.

The latest player in the wireless internet service is the Wi-Tribe of the SMC-owned Liberty Telecoms. However, Wi-Tribe is still in the National Capital Region.

3G USB STICK MODEMS

3G Wireless MODEMS (Modulator-Demodulator) connect to any ISP for internet access via the USB port of your computer. Its speed can reach up to 1Mbps-3.6Mpbs depending on the network. However, the users’ experience on 3G modems is not laudable as it is not reliable and dependable. The internet speed is always not stable and it may even nose-dive to as low as 0kbps.

Based on my experience it’s so difficult to upload larger files using 3G Modems because the speed may go down to zero. However, the experience is varied according to the area where you are using it. 3G modems are dependent of the networks cell sites capacity to accommodate both mobile phone and 3G modem subscribers.

I wrote several posts about 3G Modem including some troubleshooting tips:

3G modem is of big help when you are on the go and when you’re in an area where WiFi signals are not available. Being portable, the 3G modem USB stick can be easily inserted to any laptop as it is a plug-and-play device. However, there are laptops that can’t operate a 3G USB modem. If you encountered such a problem, you may refer to the articles above to troubleshoot the error.
   
Globe’s Tattoo Regular Stick is available in Prepaid @ P995 and Postpaid plans P499 and P999. Globe says you can connect to the internet up to 3.6Mbps speed(Plan 499) and 5Mbps(Plan 999) using Tattoo stick.Its minimum GPRS speed is 12kbps-48kbps where wireless broadband is not available.
The Tonino Lamborghini is considered by Globe as the fastest broadband stick on-the-go, with maximum download speeds of up to 12Mbps when surfing at an HSPA Site. It’s up to 5 times faster than current broadband stick speeds of up to 2 Mbps. It’s available at Surf-All-You-Want Plan 2,199, and includes 200 SMS to Globe/TM monthly.
The Tattoo MyFi works like a home router that sends/receives Wi-Fi signal from up to 5 devices at the same time and surf at speeds of up to 3.6 Mbps. It can connect to Globe’s network even it is not connected to your computer. It’s available on Plan 499 (50 hrs free) and Plan 999 (unlimited).
The Tattoo SuperStick is an improvement of the MyFi with a speed of 7Mbps and can connect up to 7 WiFi-enabled devices at the same time. It’s only available at postpaid Plan 1299.
(L-R: Start PlugIt, Power PlugIt, Rocket PlugIt, and Pocket WiFi)
Smart Bro Starter PlugIt is available @ P995 with a speed of 3.6Mbps. Usage fee is P10 for every 30 minutes and also available under Always on Plans & Unlisurf.
Smart Bro Power PlugIt is an update of the original PlugIt and is call & text capable. The speed is up to 5Mbps. It’s available for a one-time fee of P1,245 with usage plans: Unlisurf, Per Minute, Prepaid Lifestyle.
Smart Bro Rocket PlugIt boasts of its 12Mbps speed comparable to Globe’s Tonino Lamborghini but it’s costlier at P3,995 one-time fee. It operates under 4G HSPA+ with Smart’s more than 800 HSPA+ sites nationwide.
Smart Bro Pocket WiFi is similar to Globe’s MyFi and SuperStick. It’s also a WiFi hotspot with a speed of 5Mbps and can accommodate up to 5 devices. One-time fee for the unit is P3,895 while usage fee is similar to other PlugIts.
SUN BROADBAND
  Sun Cellular offers the cheapest rates in the 3G Modem internet connection with its Plan 799 @ a speed of 3.6Mbps, equivalent to its competitors. You can lower the MSF at P649 if you have a Sun regular postpaid plan.
  If your budget is tight, there’s the Plan 350 Lite and the latest Anti-Bill Shock Plan 350 with an allowance of 35 hours plus P10/hour in excess of 35 hours up to 90 hours. Under the latter, beyond 90 hours is free and the subscriber will only pay P900.
  Sun Cellular has also it’s Wi-Fi modem– MyWiFi at Plan 495.
Sun Broadband is also available in prepaid @ P995 with free 5-days unlimited internet upon activation.
I don’t have a personal experience on Sun Broadband. Please tell me your stories on the performance of our ISPs by commenting this post. You can also join our poll on ISPs at the sidebar of iStoryang HaaayTek!
UPDATE!!!!!!
PLDT has upgraded its data plan up to 10Mbps @ P4k/mo. Click the link:

PowerOff–Automatically and Remotely Shuts down, Restarts, Logs Off Computer

PowerOff is a lightweight software that controls automatically and remotely the power state of any computer and of any PC connected in a local area network (LAN). You can shut down, restart, log off, reboot, power off, standby, hibernate, lock, wake-on-LAN, and turn on/off monitor.

The software operates on Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7 without installing it. Just copy the executable file (168kb for version 3.0.1.3) on any folder and double click it to run the software.

I am using PowerOff version 3.0.1.3

I have only tried the version above on Windows XP but the writer of the software–Jorgen Bosman— thinks it would run on all Windows platform including Windows 2000, Vista and Windows 7. Nevertheless, you can download the latest version 3.1 at the official site. Download version 3.0.1.3 from The Box at the sidebar of this blog.

How to Use PowerOff?

First: Select “Local Computer” or “Remote Computer” to manage. Remote Computer refers to any computer other than the one you are using that is connected in your local network (connected to your router). To remotely control other computer, choose “Allow remote control” under “Options” and set the “Port number” to 3210 and set your password, as shown below. (Be sure that PowerOff is also installed on the remote computer and is also running.)

Second: Select the “Action” to execute on the selected computer.

Third: You can choose any “Option” to execute when the action is undertaken.

Choose “Warning Message” to send a message to the computer where the action is undertaken. The message would be like this:

You have also the option to give the user of the remote computer to cancel the action by selecting “Allow cancel“. Doing so, would make your action futile. 🙂

Fourth: You can set “When” you’re going to execute the action: Immediate, Scheduled,and After a process stops. Selecting “Scheduled” would open a dialogue box where you can set the date and time when to execute the action. Selecting “After a process stops” would open a dialogue box where you can select an on-going process on the computer.

That’s it. You’re done! Enjoy managing the other computers in your network especially the ones use by your children.

D-I-Y: Repairing an Intermittent Retractable Mouse

After two years, my retractable mouse has its first maintenance/repair work today. The small cable connecting the mouse and the USB plug have been intermittent since yesterday. I’ve discovered that the cable had an open connection somewhere at the tip near the mouse.

What i did is to cut the portion of the retractable cord that is open and strip again the cord for a new connection.

The small duplex cord of the mouse has four small wires...

The retractable cord has enough length with most part of it is wound in the scroll wheel shown above.

The four small wires in the retractable cord are insulated. It has to be soldered to achieve full contact.

And my retractable mouse is back to service again and i was able to save P150-200 for a new mouse. The featured image of this post is the latest picture of my retractable mouse after the repair. By the way, my mouse is a CDR-King brand. See my original post.

USC-KNN Awards Seed Capital to 2nd Batch of Winners

The USC-Kapamilya Negosyo Na (KNN) has awarded recently seed capital to another batch of winners who shall join the “Lucky 13” to vie for the Big Winner title of the 6th regular season.

The awarding was done during the second and final day of the Bookkeeping and Accounting seminar attended by the winners at the University of San Carlos-Main Campus.

Eleven business proponents were chosen down from the 17 earlier selected by the KNN committee. Seven of the 11 winners are given P10,000 each while the rest received P5,000 each.They are:

The 2nd Batch of winners/finalists for the KNN Season 6

Awarded with P10,000 seed capital:

1- Marion Jaimee Abian (Chocolate Blossoms)
2- Rainier Belleza (Rent-a-Thing)
3- Jose Cuerquis (Clean More… Spend Less)
4- Greg Allan Pialago (Allan Cell Shop)
5- Nonna Karen Velez (Karen’s Food Products)
6- Melcan Signe (Signe’ture Prints)
7- Jessieryl Pitogo (K’Hanz Cakes & Pastries)

Awarded with P5,000 seed capital:

8- Nenita Arnado (Broom Making)
9- Mercedez Ceniza (Rubber Floor Mat)
10- Sarah Dellosa (Fish & Banana Vending)
11- Isidro Dividina (4 J’s Fabric Conditioner & Detergent)

Their names surfaced a week earlier but the final details who among them shall receive P10,000 and P5,000 was announced during the seminar yesterday and to the public during today’s KNN radio show.

One Big Family

The 11 winners will compete against the “Lucky 13” who were selected earlier in the KNN 6th Regular Season. This is the first time in KNN that another batch of winners joined in the competition in the regular season at much later date. This makes the finalists in the Season 6 ballooned to 24 small entrepreneurs.

The 11 winners had attended the business plan seminar on September 3 while the “Lucky 13” were selected in June this year after attending the first business plan seminar this season.

The “Lucky 13” are: Manuel Gerald Abella, Bonifacio Arellano, Brenda Batislaong, Linda Berdon, Hisel Camacho, Loreta Colina, Emmy Daligdig, Consolacion Elma, Suzette Mayol, Joel Quijano, Maila Tuazon, Teresista Ursal, and Jonathan Villahermosa.

No more eviction!

They will face a panel interview tomorrow, October 16, 2011 for the final evaluation who among them shall receive an additional P7,000 and P2,000 for the top 10 and the last three respectively. The good news–the last three will no longer be evicted but have to join in the competition during the regular season.

This means, the 24 winners and finalists shall be broken with different seed capital from KNN, as follows: P15,000 (10), P10,000 (10), P5,000 (4).

The USC-KNN is livelihood/entrepreneurial project of the USC-College of Commerce Alumni Association in cooperation with DYAB1512 of the ABS-CBN Corporation, USC-School of Business and Economics, and the Department of Labor and Employment.